Wednesday, March 27, 2013

March 27, 1945; GERMANY IS WHIPPED"


Americans Half Way
Across Reich; Panic
Enqulfs The Enemey
Rhine, March 27-(AP)-
Enemy defenses have been broken completely beyond Brunen, 15 miles north of Duisburg, and the British Second Army is racing eastward tonight almost
PARIS, March 27-(AP)-
American tanks burst into the open plains of middle Germany less than 244 miles from Berlin today through enemy lines which Gen. Eisenhower declared had been broken in a massive defeat.
Swift armor of both the First and Third Armies raced across the Reich unchecked, because—as Eisenhower said—the foe has insufficient strength at hand with which to make a stand.
Opposition Falls Apart
Hours ago, First Army tanks lanced into Weilburg, 244 miles southwest of Berlin. A dispatch filed later but shrouded by a censor blackout said the victory-flushed Army made spectacular new gains in the continued sweep toward Berlin against opposition that had fallen apart. The retreat became a rout; thousands of German captives streamed to the rear.
The enemy said that Third Army columns were approaching Wuerzburg in Bavaria 223 miles from Berlin, and had reached Lohr, 225 miles from the capital.
Ruhr Cities Under Fire
In the north, the 21st Army group was slugging out gains against collapsing
German resistance in a prelude to what may become the decisive breakthrough of the campaign. Ninth Army troops fought in the
suburbs of Duisburg and within artillery range of such Ruhr industrial
cities as Essen, Duesseldorf, Gelsenkirchen, Mulheim and Oberhausen.
Several miles were gained in the center and south of th north front.
The First Army's dash—far past the rugged Rhineland hills into open
and sparsely wooded farm country in the heart of Germany—had outflanked
the whole Ruhr from the south.
The U. S. Seventh Army, fighting south forged a 19-mile-long Rhine bridgehead north of outflanked Mannheim and driven it four miles into inner Germany in the first few hours.
Seventh Army prisoners in 12 days totaled 35,000. Gen. Eisenhower, fresh from visits, to the British and First Army fronts, said he believed that unconditional surrender would be imposed upon Germany when the Allies and Russian fronts finally meshed together. He expressed doubt there would be a negotiated unconditional surrender.

Tokyo Reports
Yank Invasion
Of Cebu, Kerama
Mighty U. S. Warships,
Fleet Planes Keep Up
GUAM, March 27-(AP)-
A Japanese imperial communique announced today that U. S. forces established beachheads Sunday on the Kerama islands, just off Okinawa, in the Ryukus .
The customery claim of annihilating enemy landing forces was omitted in the broadcast communique.
The flat assertion of U. S. landings has not been confirmed by Adm. Chester W.
Nimitz headquarters. American communiques, however, did report damaging blows to Japan's underside by B-29s, B-24s, and fleet surface and aerial bombardments.
These are the blows which have usually-preceded former landings—and again may cast their shadow ahead:
1. Shore Installations of Okinawa island were raked by Adm. Raymond A. Snrnance's Fifth fleet guns for three consecutive days. Radio Tokyo said
they had entered the fourth day.
2. Vice Adm. Marc A. Mitscher's swift carrier planes, which recently raided the nearby home island of Kyushu, ripsawed and blasted Okinawa's air installations. Radio Tokyo said 1,250 U. S. carrier planes knifed into Okinawa's vitals.
3. A largest fleet of Marianas based B-29s raided homeland airdromes within easy airplane reach of Okinawa.
4. Planes operating from the Philippines, announced Gen. Douglas MacArthur today, continued to lambast Formosa's air installations.

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