Thursday, January 31, 2013

January 31, 1945;New Landing near Manila:


Helena, Montana Wednesday, January 31, 1945

German Reports Place Invaders Only 58 Miles
From Reich Capital; Advance Is Swift;
Prongs of Pincers Are Expected to Meet Soon
London, Jan. 31.—(AP)—
Marshal Gregory Zhukov's troops today captured Landsberg, 68 miles east of Berlin, Marshal 6' Stalin announced tonight, and Berlin broadcasts said the Red
 Army had plunged to towns only 58 and 62 miles from the  Reich capital.
Landsburg, great rail and road hub on the Berlin-Danzig rail line, was conquered along with the strong points of Meseritz  Schwiebus and Ztillichau to the southeast as Zhukov's forces broke through the German defense guarding Frankfurt on the Oder river 39 miles from Berlin.

Americans Pierce
Nazi Border
In 2 New Places
Artillery Is Starting
Pouring Shells
At Siegfried Line
Paris, Jan. 31.— (AP) — A whiteclad infantry of the American First army stormed across the snow-drifted German border at two new places today and Lt. Gen.
Courtney H. Hodges' artillery started pouring shells into the main concrete works of the thinly held Siegfried1 line.
All along the 35-mile assault front from below St. Vith to the Roer river northeast of Monschau the First and Third armies had a full scale assault under way with
gains which carried the First to the ramparts of the west wall and broadened the Third army's foothold inside Germany to five miles.

Americans Make
New Landing
On Luzon Coast
Strong Fleet Arrives Unopposed 60 Miles
From Manila; Eighth Army Units
Pour Ashore, Block Japs' Flight to Bataan
General Mac Arthur's Headquarters, Luzon, Jan. 31— (AP)—
Landing unopposed from 150 ships 60 miles northwest of Manila, strong U. S. Eighth army forces blasted any hopes the Japanese may have held for a large scale

withdrawal to Bataan by driving swiftly east today toward a juncture with the Sixth army which would seal off the historic peninsula.
This second invasion of Luzon, timed with a Sixth army push now within 30 miles of Manila, has disclosed in today's communique of Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur. The 38th division and a combat team of the 24th, which fought so heroically on Leyte in the central Philippines, were put ashore Monday on Zambales province in the 10 miles between the Santo Tomas river mouth and San Antonio without loss of a man, plane or ship.

Wednesday, January 30, 2013

January 30, 1945; Soviets/Yanks Surrounding Berlin:



Russians Within 80 Miles of Berlin;
Yanks Seize Siegfried Line Sector
Americans Surprise
Nazis, Attack
In Waist-Deep Snow
PARIS, Jan. 30 (AP)—
The Seventy-eighth division captured three ;miles of the Siegfried line today in a surprise attack through waist-d e e p snowdrifts in the Monschau forest, three miles inside Germany.
The First army outfit struck just north of the eliminated Belgian bulge while other troops of Lieut. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' command and the Third army moved
up to the west wall defenses along 40 miles o£ the Ardennes front.
The Third army expanded its Oder river bridgehead nearly a mile into Germany on a two-mile front.

Three-Pronged Drive
Threatens to
Cut Off Nazi Capital   
LONDON, Jan. 30 (AP)—
Marshal Gregory Zhukov in a sharp new surge toward the Oder river has driven ahead 12 miles into Brandenburg province and about 80 miles from Berlin, the German radio reported tonight.
Moscow dispatches said soviet armored spearheads were forging ahead in a huge three-pronged assault which threatened to cut off | the nazi capital if a frontal attack failed. They fought forward in a blizzard as German broadcasts declared
the Russians had launched a heavy armored offensive on a- 42-mile front inside the border of | eastern Germany on a "beeline for Berlin," and that "the first onslaught
gained  a p p r e c i a b l e  ground."
First Objective
The broadcasts said the first objective was the communications
enter of Kustrin on the Oder and Warthe rivers, 42 miles from Berlin.

Unconditional Surrender
Explained to Germans
PARIS, Jan. 30 (AP)—
On the eve of the widely-heralded big three conference, the allies have begun showering German lines with leaflets explaining the "unconditional surrender" goal announced at-Casablanca, it was disclosed today.

Yanks Hit Last
Jap Defenses
Guarding Manila
Nips Suffer Serious
Losses in Three
Savage Counterblows
Jan. 30 - (UP)—
Vanguards of the American Sixth army swung down on the last Jap defense line north of Manila today, driving into the swamp lined Calumpit bottleneck barely ten miles from Manila bay and 23 miles from the enslaved Philippines capital.
Front dispatches indicated that only a thin Jap covering force lay between the advancing doughboys and Manila, although the difficult terrain was expected to prevent a quick march into the city.
Far to the north other American troops were running into their bitterest opposition since the Luzon invasion began 22 days ago.
Fanning out northeast and east from their Lingayen Gulf beachheads, the Americans were threatening the entire Baguio area where the bulk of the enemy
island garrison was believed concentrated, and the Japs reacted savagely.
Nips Suffer Heavy Losses
Reinforced enemy tank and. Infantry units counter-attacked three times against the American spearheads over the week-end and were routed with serious losses after a touch-and-go battle. The Japs tried their biggest counter-blow shortly after midnight
Saturday night around San Manuel, 24 miles south of Baguio and 18 miles inland from Lingayen gulf.

Tuesday, January 29, 2013

January 29, 1945; Berlin Battle Eminant:



Stage Set for
Berlin Battle
Nazis Show No Signs of Being Able to Stop
Reds East of Oder; Schneidemuhl Encircled
LONDON", Jan. 29. (AP)—
Marshal Zhukov's First White Russian Army hast crossed the German frontier west and northwest of  Poznan, Premier Stalin announced tonight. The German border west of Poznan Is only 95 miles from Berlin. This is the closest Moscow has officially placed the Red army to the Nazi capital. ;
Moscow reported that Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov's Army was invading Brandenburg on a broad front and said the Germans had shown no signs of  being able to stop his forces east of the Oder river, 40 miles from Berlin.
A Nazi broadcast acknowledged the "evacuation11 of Kreuz, 10 miles northeast of Berlin, 50 miles northwest of Poznan, and 115 miles southwest of Schneideinuhl, another Brandenburg town which the Germans said was encircled by the Russians.

Patton's Forces
Cross Our River
Americans, French Near Colmar; Third Army
at Reich-Luxembourg Border on 8-Mile Stretch

LONDON*. Jan. 29. (AP)
A Reuters dispatch from the United States Third Army front said tonight that elements of Leutentant-General George S. Patton's Third Army had fought their way across the Our river into Germany at two places in the vicinity of Obcrhauseu, 8 miles south of St. Vith.

PARIS, Jan. 29. (AP)
First Army divisions advanced as much as 2 miles in deep snow northeast of St. Vith today, capturing three towns and moving within a mile of Germany and the outer works of the Siegfried Line. Bullange, Herresbach and Holxheim all toppled. The main works of the west wall were brought within 6-mile artillery range.
The First Infantry Division took Bullange after a 9-hour light in bitterly cold weather.
In taking Herresbach, First Army troops killed 138 Germans and captured 180 without the loss of a single man killed, wounded or captured.


Associated Press War Editor
Three converging American columns bore down on San Fernando, gateway to Manila," today while Superforts struck again at battered two, island on the sea road to Tokyo and gave the enemy capital a sleepess week end. The Japanese controlled Singapore radio said 45 carrier-borne fighters and bombers raided the Sumatra oil refineries around Palembang for 2 1/2 hours at midday. It claimed 44 raiders—presumably British—Were shot down.
Tokyo broadcasts said American bombers for the first time attacked Hachijo island, less than 200 miles south of the Nipponese capital which was visited by a continual stream of solitary raiders. Single incendiary-dropping B-29s were reported over Tokyo nine times Saturday night, once Sunday night and again this morning.
Rosario Captured
Southern Sixth Army forces surged toward Manila and Bataan, while Yanks on the northeastern sector captured Rosario in the longest, hardest battle of the Luzon campaign.
They pushed through decimated Japanese units to join other American columns in a three-way drive on the highway junction leading to Baguio, Philippines summer
capital and supposed headquarters of the Japanese command.

Monday, January 28, 2013

January 28, 1945;Soviets Reach Brandenburg Frontier:


Upper Silesian
War Arsenal
Is Knocked Out
Nazis Report Marshal Zhukov's First
White Russian Army Has Begun
Attacks on Rail Center of Schneidemuhl
LONDON, Sunday. Jan. 28.—(/P)—
The Red army surrounded the big western Polish stronghold of Poznan Saturday and Berlin announced that Russian troops had raced on 43 miles southwestward across the snow-swept plains and reached the German Brandenburg frontier within 98 miles of Berlin.
Striking 50 miles northwest of Poznan other Soviet tank columns began attacking Schneidemuhl, German fortress four miles Inside Germany and 135 miles northeast of the reich capital, the German radio said, as the Russians began deploying on a broad arc facing straight toward the heart of Germany.

Germans Abandon
of Upper Silesia
Nazi Command Is
People for Worst
LONDON, Jan. 27.(/P}—
The Germans announced Saturday night that in the face of the Red army offensive they had abandoned the industries of upper Silesia, regarded as second only to the Ruhr as a Nazi arsenal.
The Industries have been stopped and the territory given over to the German army to defend or surrender a Berlin radio announcement said.
The wording of the announcement indicated the Nazi command was preparing the people for a blow which had already fallen. Moscow, in the last four days has announced capture of much of the most valuable area of upper Silesia, Including the cities of Sosnowiec, Dabrowa. Bedzin and Myslowlce In Poland and Hindenburg and Gleiwtiz on the German side of the border.
Together with 20 or more other

Nazis Fall Back
All Along
Western Front
Third Army Sweeps Up to German Border
at Five Points After Overrunning
11 Towns in Gains of Nearly Four Miles
PARIS, Sunday, Jan. 28.—(U.P)—
Berlin broadcasts reported Sunday that American forces had opened an offensive
in the Moselle valley east of the Luxembourg border, striking for the Rhine in the vicinity of the manufacturing city of Coblcnz, 70 miles away.
Berlin identified the attacking units as parts of the U. S. Seventh army, but placed the scene of operations as "southeast of Remlch," a sector held by Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's famous Third army, according to Allied dispatches as late as Saturday.
The Yanks were attacking with battalions of Infantry, each supported by some 20 tanks, the enemy broadcasts said, and had achieved some penetrations in the area of Butzdorf.
Butszdorf lies in the Saar basin 15 miles southeast of Luxembourg city and was reported captured by Third army troops Friday in Allied reports.

Carrier Planes
Sink, Damage
100 Jap Vessels
Nimiiz Reports on
Attacks Against
Formosa, Okinawa
Pearl Harbor, Jan. 27.—(U.P)—
Carrier aircraft of Adm. William P. Halsey's hard-hitting Third Fleet destroyed or damaged 100 Japanese ships and small craft and 419 planes at Formosa and
Okinawa Jlma last Saturday and Sunday In one of the fleet's most destructive assaults In the Pacific war, It was announced Saturday.
More than 125,000 tons of Japanese shipping, including 30 enemy vessels, was sunk or damaged at Formosa In Saturday's strike and 311 Japanese planes were destroyed or damaged, a second communique by Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nlmltz