Tuesday, May 21, 2013

May 14, 1945;War Crimes Commission indicts Himmler:




Gestapo Chief

Named Also on

6 Other Counts


LONDON— (U.P.) —The United Nations war crimes commission has indicted Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler on charges of mass murder in the notorious massacre of Lidice and the Jewish extermination program, it was learned today.

At least five Allied government: have lodged charges of war criminality against Himmler, the bespectacled former school teacher who became nazidom's chief hangman.

The war crimes commission has indicted him, it was revealed, on at least seven counts. It ranked him No. 1 on the list of Nazis charged with the obliteration of Lidice in an orgy of revenge for the assassination of Reinhard

Heydich, and with wholesale atrocities in nazi concentration camps.

Plays Hide and Seek.

The disclosure of the indictments against Himmler came as he apparently played an elusive game of hide and seek with Allied authorities in northwestern Europe.

Reports that he had fallen into Allied hands were denied. One said he had been seen at the headquarters of the German high command, under the wing of which he evidently was seeking sanctuary until the status of that body

and Admiral Karl Doenitz's government is decided.


Austria Free,

Says Regime

Backed by Reds

LONDON— (U.P) —The soviet supported

government of Austria today proclaimed the country's independence and restored republican laws in an apparent bid for Anglo-American recognition.

The proclamation, broadcast by radio-sender Austria, in effect dissolved the anschluss with Germany and presumably reinstated Austria's constitution of 1920.

"All nazi laws are abolished and republican laws restored," the broadcast said. The move further snarled European affairs for the western Allies.

Both the United States and Britain have yet to recognize the Austrian government set up by Premier Dr. Karl Renner with soviet support.

Tangling: Over Trieste.

The United States and Britain also were tangling with Marshal Tito's Yugoslav government over control of the Italian port of Trieste and with Russia over the

arrest of 16 Polish underground leaders.

5 0 0 Superfortresses Scorch

Nagoya in Record Fire Raid

United Press

More than 500 American Superfortresses seared nine square miles of Nagoya, Japan's third city, today in the greatest fire raid ever made.

Another armada of 1,000 carrier planes was reported by Tokyo to be concentrating for the second straight day on Japanese suicide plane bases and increased blows were reported against the Japanese on most of the land fronts.

Chinese troops battled to clear Foochow Chinese east coast port which the Japanese fear may become an American invasion gateway.

On Mindanao in the Philippines, two American columns, driving to split the island lengthwise, were reported within 40 miles of a juncture after capture of the island's largest airdrome.

Lull on Tarakan.

The only lull reported was on Tarakan island off Borneo where activity subsided into patrolling by Dutch and Australian troops.

The attack on Nagoya, Japan's main aircraft manufacturing center on the main homeland island of Honshu, marked a renewal of

the fire raids which burned out 53.68 square miles of Tokyo, Yokohama,

Nagoya, Osaka, Kobe and Kawasaki in March and April.

The B-29s poured more than 500,750 fire bombs on Nagoya at the rate of 40 tons a minute for nearly an hour and a half.



Monday. May 14. INS

Plan Big Cuts

In Lend-Lease


WASHINGTON. — (U.P) — More big lend-lease cuts, including a slash of nearly 50 per cent in U. S. war aid to Britain, were in prospect today following curtailment of the bulk of this country's $300,000,000 a month shipments to Russia.

At the same time some top U. S. officials were said on good authority to believe the drastic cut in lend-lease to the soviet union might figure in relaxing the stalemate of the Polish situation. Though the Russian curtailment assertedly was based solely on the fact that Russia is no longer a fighting ally, it was said to demonstrate a willingness on this country's part to be "tough." This, it was felt, might further convince Soviet Marshal Josef Stalin that the U. S. will not yield to Russian wishes in regard to Poland.

War Operation.

Russia is anxious to win recognition for the soviet-sponsored Polish government now installed in Warsaw, while British and the U. S. are insisting that the government must first be recognized in line with the Yalta agreement. It was pointed out that while lend-lease is strictly a war operation,

Russia is anxious to receive post-war credits from this country to enable her to buy American machinery with which to rebuild Russian industry. This country's readiness to cut lend-lease shipments promptly and without hesitation was seen as a hint to Russia to meet other Allied nations halfway or face difficulty with the

post-war financial problem.

Announce Sharp Cuts.

President Truman is expected to make an announcement on Russian lend-lease shortly.

Disclosure of the sharp cut in lend-lease to Russia was made Saturday by foreign economic administrator Leo T. Crowley. He said "new shipments to Europe"

had been halted except those designed for countries still fighting Japan or those where lend-lease would aid redeployment

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