Friday, June 21, 2013



Bombs Rained
On Smaller
War Industries

By Associated Press

GUAM, June 18.—A "very large" force of B-29s returned to Honshu and Kyushu to make a double strike at Japanese industrial targets, the 20th Airforce said Monday.

The B-29s rained incendiary bombs on four Japanese cities of less than 200,000 population each—Omuta and Kagoshima on Kyushu and Hamamalsu and Yokkaichi on Honshu—in blistering low-level raids before dawn Monday. Approximately 450 Superfortresses participated.

Two Large Formations

Twenty-first Bomber Command headquarters said two large formations sent against the two Japanese mainland islands split again to strike at the four targets— all centers of small shop war industries.

Light raidss previously had been made on Hamamatsu and Kagoshima but these were the first attacks on Omuta and Yokkaichi.



Tokyo Radio Warns People U.S. Capture
Of Okinawa to Open Greater Air Offensive

By Associated Press

SAN FRANCISCO, June 17. Radio Tokyo told the Japanese people Sunday that loss of Okinawa, now falling to hardhitting American doughboys and marines, will mean the launching. of a. "great aerial offensive" against Japan proper and an early invasion of the Nippon homeland in China.

Tokyo also reported, in a series of broadcasts monitored by the F.CC., that Allied warships bombarded the Balikpapan region of Borneo; that American planes struck just south of Kyushu Island, that warships shelled Matsuwa Jima, in the Northern Kuriles, on two consecutive days early last week, and that a Russian ship was
sunk, probably by a Yank submarine.

Many Airfields

Soon after Tokyo aired its pessimistic views about the impending aerial blows Japan can expect, American Superfortresses struck two of Japan's home islands, unloading fire bombs on four secondary industrial centers.



Inside Story of Axis
Told in Ciano's Diary

Dramatic Events That Led to War Bared in
intimate Documents of Mussolini's Son-in-Law

San Antonio Express begins publication today of the  Intimate and revealing diaiiea of Count Galeazzo Ciano, Mussolini's son-in-law and Fascist Italy's foreign minister from 1938 to 1943. Ciano was one of the builders of the Axis. The diaries begin Ian. 1, 1939. and continue until shortly before Ciano's

execution at Mussolini's orders on a charge' of treason.

(Copyrlght, 1945, by The Chicago Daily News, Inc. All rights reserved forall countries. includtng rights{ translation.)

As he was about to die Count Galeazzo Ciano wrote a bitter charge that Germany deliberately provoked war in Europe in 1939 and dragged Italy to disaster. Nineteen days before Ciano was shot to death for high treason, he wrote a final 10-page entry in his diary. It is an amazing document. Italy's fateful alliance with Germany was born in a moment of rage on Mussolini's part, Ciano wrote. He recounted Nazi Foreign Minister Von Ribbentrop's casual assertion that the Germans wanted war, and told of a cynical bet of an Italian painting against a collection of antique, arms that Great Britain and France would remain neutral. The Germans treated the Italians as "slaves, not partners," Ciano wrote, who were informed only of the Nazi attack on the Soviet Union half an hour after the borders

had been crossed.

Accuses Mussolini of 'Shameful Cowardice'

Ciano was writing from Cell 27 of the Verona jail on Dec.. 23, 1943. The special tribunal before which he was tried did not meet until Jan. 8, 1944, but Ciano said that judgment already had been passed by his father-in-law, Mussolini, whom he accused of "shameful cowardice" in his relations with the Germans. Ciano and four others were executed Jan. 11.

The revealing closing entry in Ciano's own handwriting and bearing his signature follow-------

What Material for a Book!

"If the Lord had granted me a quiet old age, what excellent material for an autobiography! The' notes are not, therefore, part of a book, but the raw .material from which a book could have been composed. "Perhaps the real merit of these diaries is to be found j in this skeleton form and in the absolute lack of the superfluous.

Events are photographed without retouching, and the impressions reported are the' first ones, the most genuine, without influence of criticism or the wisdom of

Future fears. I was accustomed to jot down the salient happenings day by day, hour by hour. Perhaps at times repetitious or contradictions may be found, just as very often life repeats and contradicts itself.
"If the opportunity for expanding these notes had not been taken away suddenly, I should have wished from other documents and personal recollections to amplify the chro-


Continued From Page 1

nicle of certain days which have had unique and dramatic
influence on the history of the world.

Beginning of the Italian Tragedy

"With greater detail, I should have like to have fixed responsibility, both of men and governments, but this unfortunately was impossible, even though there come to mind in these last hours so many details I should not want ignored 'by those who tomorrow will analyze and assess the events that have occurred.

Ponders His 'Cruel Fate'

"It is cruel to think that I shall not again be able to look into the eyes of my three children, or to press my mother to my heart, or my wife who has revealed herselfa sure and faithful companion in my hours of sorrow. But I must bow to the will of God. A great calm is coming to my soul. I am preparing myself for the Supreme Judgment. "In this state of mind, precluding any lying, I declare that not a single word I have written in my diaries is false, exaggerated, or the result of selfish resentment. It is just as I saw it and heard it. If I think of possible publication of these comments as I prepare for this great departure, it is |not because an honest testimonial in this sad world still may I be useful in bringing relief to the innocent, and striking at those who are guilty."

Dec. 23, 1943, Cell 27, Verona Jail.

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