Thursday, August 15, 2013

August 15, 1945: VICTORY:





Copyright. 1945.  The New York Times

WASHINGTON. — Japan yesterday unconditionally surrendered the hemispheric empire taken by force and held, at most, intact for more than two years against the rising power of the United States and its Allies in the Pacific war.

 The bloody dream of the Japanese military caste vanished in the text of a note to the Four Powers accepting the terms of the Potsdam ultimatum of July 26, 1945, which repeated the Cairo declaration of 1943.

Like the previous items in the surrender correspondence, yesterday's document was forwarded thru the Swiss foreign office at Berne
and the Swiss legation in Washington. The note of total capitulation was delivered to the state department by the legation charge d'affaires at 6.10 p. m., after the third and most anxious day of waiting on Tokio, the anxiety intensified ,by several premature or false reports of the finale of world war 2.

The department responded with a note to Tokio thru the same channel, ordering the immediate end of hostilities by the Japanese, requiring that the supreme Allied commander who, the president said, will be Gen. Douglas MacArthur, be notified of the date and hour of the order, and instructing that emissaries of Japan be sent to him at once—at the time and place selected by him—"with full information of the disposition of the Japanese forces and commanders."

 VJ-Day Awaits Signing

President Truman summoned a special press conference in the executive offices at 7 p. m. He handed to the reporters three texts.—

The first—the only one he read aloud—was that he had received the Japanese note and deemed it full acceptance of the Potsdam declaration, containing no qualification whatsoever: that
arrangements for the formal signing of the peace would be made for the "earliest possible moment:" that the Japanese surrender would be made to Gen. Douglas MacArthur in his capacity as
supreme Allied commander-in-chief: that Allied military commanders had been instructed to cease hostilities, but that the formal proclamation of VJ-day must await the formal signing.

The text ended with the Japanese note in which the four powers (the United States. Great Britain. China and Russia were officially informed that the emperor of Japan has issued an imperial rescript of surrender, is prepared to Guarantee the necessary signatures to the term': as prescribed by the Allies, and has instructed all his commanders to cease active operations, to surrender all arms and to disband all forces under their control and within their reach..

Statement by President
WASHINGTON. (AP)—Following is the text of President Truman's statement on the Japanese surrender:
I have received this afternoon a message from the Japanese government in reply tothe message forwarded to that government by the secretary of state on Aug. 11.
I deem this reply a full acceptance of tnc Potsdam declaration which specifies the unconditional surrender of Japan. In the reply there is no qualification.
Arrangements are now being made for the formal signing of surrender terms at the earliest possible moment.
Gen. Douglas; MacArthur has been appointed the supreme Allied commander to receive the Japanese surrender.
Great Britain. Russia and China will be represented by high ranking officers.
Meantime, the Allied armed forces have been ordered to suspend offensive action.
The proclamation of VJ-day must wait upon the formal signing of the surrender terms by Japan.


U. S. Cruiser Lost
On A-Bomb Trip;
Casualties 100 P.C.


PELELIU, Palau Islands. 'Delayed'.(AP)  The 10,000 ton cruiser Indianapolis was sunk in less than 15 minutes. presumably by a Japanese submarine 12 minutes past midnight July 30— and 830 crew members lost their lives in one of  the navy’s worst disaster s.

She went down in the Philippine Sea within 450 miles of Leyte after an unescorted high speed run from  San Francisco.

The navy department  in Washington announced that the Indianapolis was lost after delivering  essential atomic bomb material to Guam.


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