Thursday, November 22, 2012

November 22, 1944:Mulhouse & Metz Fall:


Mulhouse, Alsace
Capital, Taken
In Swift Drive
Allied Armies Approach
Roer West of Cologne
Following Tank Victory
Paris, Nov. 22 (UP) —
The American First army captured Eschweiler today after a three day siege, unhinging the German defenses west of Cologne, and far to the south the bastions of Mulhouse and Metz fell to allied armies chopping up the nazi positions in France.
Paris, Nov. 22 (UP)—
Allied armies captured the key bastions of Mulhouse and Metz today, smashed through the Vosges mountain line guarding the upper Rhineland, and neared the Roer river west of Cologne after knocking out 67 nazi tanks in an armored battle.
The French First army swooped down on Mulhouse, industrial capital of Alsace, so swiftly that it captured part of the German 19th army general staff. The American broadcasting station in Europe said the French racing down the Rhine valley had battled into Colmar, 20 miles north of Mulhouse.
The siege of Metz ended officially at 8:45 a. m. CWT when the last German resistance collapsed, freeing powerful American Third army forces to join in the pursuit of the Germans fleeing northeastern France.
Lieutenant General Alexander M. Patch's Seventh army, between the French First and United States Third, crashed through the Vosges in advances on a broad front which brought the doughboys within sight of Germany itself and formed the upper arm of a pincers closing against the nazis in the upper

Russians Forge Forward
In Attempt To Shatter
Blockade of Riga Harbor

Counter-Blows, Rain
Stalled Army Drive
On Hungarian Capital
London, Nov. 22 (UP) —
Soviet tanks and riflemen, supported by the guns of the red fleet, slashed deep into the last pocket of German resistance on the southern tip of Saar island today, in a bitterly- contested drive to reopen the gulf of Riga and break the nazi blockade on Riga harbor.
Far to the south, German counter- blows and driving rains that churned the Hungarian battlefields into a quagmire stalled the red army's enveloping sweep on Budapest almost to a standstill. Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky's Second Ukrainian army hacked out limited gains all along the 80-raile front extending northeastward from Budapest, but the ceaseless rains and stiffened enemy resistance pre- vented any decisive breakthrough.

Formidable Nan
Tank Force Gets
Decisive Beating
70-Ton "King Tigers"
Included In Bag By
Simpson's Armor
With United States Ninth army,
Germany, Nov. 22 (UP)—
Lieutenant General William H. Simpson's armor decisively defeated the most formidable German tank force engaged since D-day, knocking out 67 of about 100 enemy tanks—including 42 of the new 70-ton "King Tigers"—in a four-day battle northeast of Aachen.
The roaring tank battle swayed back and forth on the plain west of the Roer river for four days, and today Simpson's armor was in firm position on high ground controlling the approaches within sight of the river.
The Germans threw into it their first substantial commitment of the "King Tiger" tanks, which carry seven to 10 inches of armor and improved 88-millimeter guns effective at a range exceeding 2,000 yards.

Damaging Blows
Landed On Two
More Jap Ships
Pre-Dawn Attack Made
On Borneo Navy Base,
Mac Arthur Announces
Allied headquarters, Philippines,
Nov. 22 (UP)—
American Liberators scored damaging hits on two more Japanese warships, one of them a light cruiser, in a pre-dawn attack Sunday on the naval base at Brunei bay, Borneo, General Douglas MacArthur: announced today.
He also disclosed that Manila and the remainder of the Philippines had been brought within range of his land-based bombers for intensified raids through the use of expanded airfields on Leyte as refueling bases. Heretofore, only carrier-based planes have been able to reach Manila, capital and main enemy stronghold in the Philippines. Though he has announced no land-based attacks on Manila, MacArthur said Liberators from southern bases had refueled at Leyte over the weekend before going on to raid targets on Cebu, Mindanao andelsewhere in the central Philippines.
On the fighting front, Japanese resistance in the  pocket in northwest Leyte appeared near the breaking point, but the enemy was preparing a strong new defense line along the Leyte river to the southeast.
A spokesman for MacArthur said the Japanese had a large concentration of shipping at Brunei, which they had been using as a stopover point on the north-south run between Japan proper and her stolen East Indies empire.
Other bombers from the southwest Pacific command sank two coastal vessels, probably sank two freighters and damaged five other vessels in attacks in the Philippines, Borneo and Celebes

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